April 21, 2014

Breaking the Bathing Suit Barrier: Annette Kellerman

Annette Kellerman

Annette Kellerman, a famous Australian swimmer, was arrested at Revere Beach, Massachusetts, in 1907.  Why?

Kellerman (1886-1975) was a strong advocate for the right of women to wear a one-piece bathing suit, a very controversial issue at the time. In the early 1900's, women were required to wear a cumbersome bathing suit composed of a  dress in combination with  pantaloons.  While swimming at Revere Beach in her fitted one-piece bathing suit, she was arrested for indecency. But her one-piece suit became so popular that she launched her own line of swimwear called "Annette Kellermans".

In 1908 she was dubbed the Perfect Woman by a professor at Harvard University who found that her figure was similar to that of the Venus de Milo.  Kellerman was portrayed by Esther Williams in the 1952 film Million Dollar Mermaid and has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

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April 14, 2014

Author's Notes: Pioneering Minnesota Women: Dr. Martha Ripley

This stern woman was a commanding, determined figure who wore her skirts well above the ground for sanitary reasons and cut her hair unfashionably short.  She was Dr. Martha Ripley, Minnesota pioneer doctor and social reformer.The character of Dr. Alexander in my book, The Baby Farm, is modeled after this remarkable woman.

Licensed to practice medicine in Minnesota in 1883, Dr. Ripley was among at least seven women doctors in Minneapolis and a total of twenty in the state.  A highly successful obstetrician, she championed unwed mothers, arguing that they deserved medical care and should be helped, not punished.  At that time, most births occurred at home which was frequently closed to erring daughters and hospital maternity facilities were limited.  No city hospital would admit an unmarried woman for confinement.

Dr. Ripley opened a maternity hospital in Minneapolis in 1887 to "admit girls who have previously borne a good character, but who, under promise of marriage, have been led astray" and also to "care for destitute children born in the institution."  The hospital grew to include a residence for unmarried mothers and an infants' home.  The hospital closed in 1957, but the Ripley Memorial Foundation (http://www.wfmn.org/grant-opportunities/ripley-memorial-foundation/)continues to this day focusing on the prevention of teen pregnancy, a lasting legacy of this extraordinary pioneer.

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